Jakarta: The United Nations (UN) is commemorating World Braille Day, on Monday, highlighting the importance of the universal tactile communication system for the full realization of human rights for blind and partially sighted people.
"People with vision impairment are more likely to experience higher rates of poverty, neglect and violence. The coronavirus pandemic and its consequent impact, such as lockdowns, has worsened their challenges, isolating them further," stated the UN in a media release on Monday.
According to UN World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, about 2.2 billion people globally have a vision impairment, of whom at least 1 billion have a vision impairment that could have been prevented or is yet to be addressed.
Observed annually on January 4, World Braille Day was established by the UN General Assembly in December 2018.
The date also marks the birth anniversary of Louis Braille, who at the age of 15, invented the tactile system for reading and writing for use by people who are blind or visually impaired.
Braille is read by passing one’s fingertips over an arrangement of between one to six embossed dots, which represent letters, numbers as well as musical and mathematical symbols. B
raille can be written using a Braillewriter, a device similar to a typewriter, or by using a pointed stylus and a Braille Slate to punch dots on paper.